TMatch - Therapeutic Reactance Scale
## Assessment of Client Resistance Using Part of the Therapeutic Reactance Scale

### How This Assessment was Created

The Therapeutic Reactance Scale (TRS) (Dowd, Milne, & Wise, 1991) was recommended by
Beutler and Harwood (2000, p.43) for measuring client resistance. This is a 28 question test developed to
measure client reactance. Since there wasn't room in the client questionnaire for all 28 questions, it was
decided to reduce the scale to 10 questions. Using factor analysis, Dowd et al. have separated the
TRS into the two factors of behavioral reactance and verbal reactance. It was decided to
select the five questions that had the highest factor loadings on each of these scales.
This was done mainly by selecting all the questions that had a factor loading of 0.5 or
higher on any factor. It turns out that there are exactly 5 questions that had factor
loadings of 0.50 or higher on the behavioral reactance factor, and 4 questions on the verbal
reactance factor. Therefore, one extra question was selected for the verbal reactance factor
by choosing the next highest factor loading, which was 0.48.

### References

Beutler, L. E., & Harwood, T. M. (2000). *Prescriptive psychotherapy: A practical guide to
systematic treatment selection.* New York: Oxford University Press.

Dowd, E. T., Milne, C. R., & Wise, S. L. (1991). The Therapeutic Reactance Scale: A measure of
psychological reactance. *Journal of Counseling and Development*, 69, 541-545.